Seasonal Affective Disorder is a type of depression that is related to the changes in the seasons. It typically begins and ends around the same time each year and is related to the amount of natural sunlight. Symptoms start in the fall, especially after Daylight Savings Time ends, and end in the Spring. Seasonal Affective Disorder affects over a half million people every year, and “Winter Blues”, a more mild form of SAD, affects even more.
It is believed that SAD may be an effect of the seasonal light variations in humans. As the light changes, our “biological clocks” shift in a manner that may be out of synch with our daily schedules.
A diagnosis of SAD can be made after experiencing three consecutive winters of the following symptoms if they are followed by a complete remission of symptoms in the spring and summer months:
- Mood changes
- Weight gain
- Social problems
- Feeling sleepy, lack of motivation
- Sleep problems
Treatments include light therapy, talk therapy, medications and supplements.
These steps can help you manage your Seasonal Affective Disorder:
- Stick to the plan developed with your mental health professional or doctor
- Take care of yourself by getting rest, exercising, and eating healthy
- Practice stress management. Learn techniques to manage your stress better by practicing meditation, yoga, talk therapy, or massage therapy.
- It’s easy to “hibernate” when the weather is cold and snowy but it’s also important to socialize with friends and family. Make an effort to connect with people you enjoy being around
- Take a trip. If possible, take a vacation during the winter to a sunny, warm location.
Remember, you don’t have to feel this way all winter. There are people and treatments that can help you feel better. If you can get control of your symptoms before they get worse, you may be able to heal off serious changes in mood, appetite, and energy levels. For more information visit www.csifdl.org
One of the many struggles that face parents today is getting their child to brush their teeth. Tantrums happen, people. There are ways to get little ones to embrace this healthy habit.
Toddlers don’t understand why they need to brush their teeth, no matter what stories and tricks we have up our sleeves. Having someone brush your teeth is uncomfortable, no wonder they run from us when we bring the toothbrush out! Holding them down in order to brush their teeth often just makes it worse. This doesn’t mean that you should give up on brushing. Start small, and keep with it even if it doesn’t work right away.
Ways to get your child to love brushing
1. Make it routine. Try it BEFORE the bath so they’re not so tired. Or even during the bath. More awkward for you, but they will be more playful and relaxed. Right after dinner works, as well.
2. Consider skipping toothpaste. Experiment to see if that makes her more open to brushing. Try different flavors. Maybe she will love one and that will give her incentive.
3. “Play” toothbrushing
- Let her brush the stuffed animals’ or dolls’ “teeth”
- Brush all over her body (arms, ears) and say, “Is this where I should brush?”
- Let her brush your teeth to reverse the power dynamic.
4. Use sound to start good habits. Encourage her to say “Teeee” (for the front teeth) and “Ahhhh” (for the back teeth) and roar like an animal so her mouth is open wide while brushing.
5. Sing! “This is the way we brush our teeth, after we eat our dinner” or “The toothbrush in the mouth goes round and round” can be very helpful because singing increases the fun level and reinforces the routine. Maybe most important, it assures the child that the brushing is time limited, because they can count on it ending when the song ends…
6. Play “copycat”. Since most kids this age enjoy learning by copying us but want to “do it themselves,” brush together looking into the mirror. Have her copy you in the mirror as you brush.
7. Check their work! Most children will not do a thorough job and parents need to “help” them a bit.
8. Take turns. Toddlers are beginning to understand “My turn!” so you can say “Baby’s turn to brush Mommy!” and then “Now it’s dolly’s turn!” and “Now it’s Mommy’s turn to brush Baby!”
Be consistent. Be patient. Don’t forget how important this is to their overall health!